Pandemic Recovery Funds can be used for projects that fulfill funding intent, meeting one or more ARPA eligibility categories, and that directly address a stated impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

These categories will be reflected in scoring; great projects will fall into multiple categories.


  • Respond to the Public Health Emergency/Respond to Its Negative Economic Impacts
  • Replace Lost Public Sector Revenue
  • Provide Premium Pay for Essential Workers
  • Invest in Necessary Water, Sewer, or Broadband Infrastructure
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  1. Respond to the Public Health Emergency
  3. Replace Lost Public Sector Revenue
  4. Provide Premium Pay for Essential Workers
  5. Invest in necessary  Water, Sewer, or Broadband Infrastructure
  • COVID-19 Prevention and Mitigation
    • Types of Projects:
      • Vaccination programs, including vaccine incentives and vaccine sites
      • Testing programs, equipment, and sites
      • Monitoring, contact tracing & public health surveillance (e.g., monitoring for variants)
      • Public communication efforts
      • Public health data systems COVID-19 prevention and treatment equipment, such as ventilators and ambulances
      • Medical and PPE/protective supplies
      • Support for isolation or quarantine
      • Ventilation system installation and improvement
      • Technical assistance on mitigation of COVID-19 threats to public health and safety
      • Transportation to reach vaccination or testing sites, or other prevention and mitigation services for vulnerable populations
      • Support for prevention, mitigation, or other services in congregate living facilities, public facilities, and schools
      • Support for prevention and mitigation strategies in small businesses, nonprofits, and impacted industries
      • Medical facilities generally dedicated to COVID-19 treatment and mitigation (e.g., ICUs, emergency rooms)
      • Temporary medical facilities and other measures to increase COVID-19 treatment capacity
      • Emergency operations centers & emergency response equipment (e.g., emergency response radio systems)
      • Public telemedicine capabilities for COVID-19 related treatment
  • Medical Expenses
    • Types of Projects:
      • Unreimbursed expenses for medical care for COVID-19 testing or treatment, such as uncompensated care costs for medical providers or out-of-pocket costs for individuals
      • Paid family and medical leave for public employees to enable compliance with COVID-19 public health precautions
      • Emergency medical response expenses
      • Treatment of long-term symptoms or effects of COVID-19
  • Behavioral Health Care
    • Types of Projects:
      • Prevention, outpatient treatment, inpatient treatment, crisis care, diversion programs, outreach to individuals not yet engaged in treatment, harm reduction & long-term recovery support
      • Enhanced behavioral health services in schools
      • Services for pregnant women or infants born with neonatal abstinence syndrome
      • Support for equitable access to reduce disparities in access to high-quality treatment
      • Peer support groups, costs for residence in supportive housing or recovery housing, and the 988 National Suicide Prevention Lifeline or other hotline services
      • Expansion of access to evidence-based services for opioid use disorder prevention, treatment, harm reduction, and recovery
      • Behavioral health facilities & equipment
  • Preventing and Responding to Violence
    • Types of Projects:
      • Referrals to trauma recovery services for victims of crime
      • Community violence intervention programs, including evidence-based practices like focused deterrence, with wraparound services such as behavioral therapy, trauma recovery, job training, education, housing, and relocation services, and financial assistance
      • In communities experiencing increased gun violence due to the pandemic: • Law enforcement officers focused on advancing community policing • Enforcement efforts to reduce gun violence, including prosecution • Technology & equipment to support law enforcement response


  1. Public Sector Capacity and Workforce
  2. Capital Expenditures
  3. Transfers
  4. Loans
  5. Non-Federal Match and Cost-Share
  6. Administrative Expenses
  • Public Safety, Public Health, and Human Services Staff
    • Eligibility Requirements:
      • Identify Government Staff
      • Staff Responding to COVID-19
    • Types of Staff: 
      • Police officers (including state police officers)
      • Sheriffs and deputy sheriffs
      • Firefighters
      • Emergency medical responders
      • Correctional and detention officers
      • Dispatchers and supervisor personnel that directly support public safety staff
      • Employees involved in providing medical and other physical or mental health services to patients and supervisory personnel, including
      • Medical staff assigned to schools, prisons, and other such institutions
      • Laboratory technicians, medical examiners, morgue staff, and other support services essential for patient care
      • Employees of public health departments directly engaged in public health matters and related supervisory personnel
      • Employees providing or administering social services and public benefits
      • Child welfare services employees
      • Child, elder, or family care employees
    • Types of Projects:
      • Payroll and covered benefits for the portion of the employees’ time spent on COVID-19 response through the period of performance
  • Government Employment and Rehiring Public Sector Staff
    • Types of Projects:
      • Restoring pre-Pandemic employment
      • Supporting and retaining public sector workers
      • Covering administrative costs associated with administering the hiring, support, and retention programs
  • Effective Service Delivery
    • Eligibility Requirements:
      • Projects that support program evaluation, data, and outreach
      • Projects that address administrative needs caused or exacerbated by the pandemic
    • Types of Projects:
      • Program evaluation and evidence resources
      • Data analysis resources to gather, assess, share, and use data
      • Technology infrastructure to improve access to and the user experience of government IT systems, as well as technology improvements to increase public access and delivery of government programs and services
      • Community outreach and engagement activities
      • Capacity building resources to support using data and evidence, including hiring staff, consultants, or technical assistance support
      • Administrative costs for programs responding to the public health emergency and its economic impacts, including non-Pandemic Recovery Funds and non-federally funded programs
      • Address administrative needs caused or exacerbated by the pandemic, including addressing backlogs caused by shutdowns, increased repair or maintenance needs, and technology infrastructure to adapt government operations to the pandemic (e.g., video-conferencing software, data and case management systems)


Project Submissions must be submitted by the organization or entity that will be leading the project, which is called the Lead Organization. Most organizations are eligible to serve as a Lead Organization under the Pandemic Response Fund, including for-profit businesses, nonprofits and other 501(c) organizations, fiscal sponsors, faith groups, schools, and municipalities. Individuals are not permitted to serve as the Lead Organization on a Project Submission through the Pandemic Response Fund.

Lead organizations must be in good standing with the County to be eligible to receive funds. This includes, but is not limited to, being current in all taxes and fees. Any property with an open violation or revocation of licensure will not be eligible. A review of the Lead Organization’s standing with the County, and eligibility to serve as the Lead Organization, will be conducted during the submission review process.

For Idea Submissions, both organizations and individuals may provide a submission.


  • Pandemic Recovery Funds cannot be used to pay for costs incurred prior to March 3, 2021 or for costs incurred after December 26, 2026. 
  • Ineligible uses of these funds include projects that:
    • Violate Existing Laws or Regulations
    • Conflict With or Contravene Purpose of the American Rescue Plan Act
    • Undermine Efforts to Stop Spread of COVID-19 
    • Deposit into Pension Funds
    • Funds for Debt Service, Replenish Financial Reserves, Satisfy Obligation Arising from Judicial Settlement or Judgment
    • Self-Deal or Violate Ethics Rules
  • Submission Requirements: All submissions must include a Project Budget, at a minimum. Additional documents may be submitted to further support the project rationale, project plan, or project costs. Final approval for funding or eligibility determination may require additional documentation prior to funding awards.